Poor Will's Almanack

Tuesdays during Morning Edition

Bill Felker’s Poor Will’s Almanack currently appears in fifteen regional and national publications including the Yellow Springs News.

Bill Felker on how the almanack began:

The Author of the following Letters takes the liberty, with all proper deference, of laying before the public his idea of ”parochial history”....
Gilbert White, The Natural History of Selborne

Poor Will’s Almanack, which I feel is something akin to what Gilbert White would consider “parochial history,” began in 1972 with the gift of a barometer. My wife, Jean, gave the instrument to me when I was succumbing
to graduate school stress in Knoxville, Tennessee, and it became not only an escape from intense academic work, but the first step on the road to a different kind of awareness about the world.

From the start, I was never content just to watch the barometric needle; I had to record its movement, then graph it. I was fascinated by the alchemy of the charts that turned rain and sun into visible patterns, symbols like notes on a sheet of music, or words on a page.

From my graphs of barometric pressure, I discovered that the number of cold fronts each month is more or less consistent, and that the earth breathes at an average rate of about once every three to five days in the winter, and once each six to eight days at the peak of summer.

A short apprenticeship told me when important changes would occur and what kind of weather would take place on most any day. That information was expressed in the language of odds and percentages, and it was surprisingly accurate. Taking into consideration the consistency of certain patterns in the past, I could make fairly successful predictions about the likelihood of the repetition of such paradigms in the future. As Yeats says, the seasons "have their fixed returns,” and I found points all along the course of the year which appeared
to be fixed moments for change. The pulse of the world was steadier than I had ever imagined.

My graphs also allowed me to see the special properties of each season.  August's barometric configurations, for example, are slow and gentle like low, rolling hills. Heat waves show up as plateaus. Thunderstorms are sharp, shallow troughs in the gentle waves of the atmospheric landscape. Autumn arrives like the sudden appearance of a pyramid on a broad plain. By the end of September, the fronts are stronger; the high-pressure peaks become taller; the lows are deeper, with almost every valley bringing rain. By December, the systems loom on the horizon of the graph like a range of mountains with violent extremes of altitude, sometimes snowcapped, almost always imposing and sliced by canyons of wind.

From watching the weather, it was an easy step to watching wildflowers.  Identifying plants, I saw that flowers were natural allies of my graphs, and that they were parallel measures of the seasons and the passage of time. I kept a list of when each wildflower blossomed and saw how each one consistently opened around a specific day, and that even though a cold year could set blooming back up to two weeks, and unusual warmth accelerate it, average dates were quite useful in establishing sequence of bloom which always showed me exactly where  I was in the progress of the year.

In the summer of 1978, Jean and I took the family to Yellow Springs, Ohio, a small town just beyond the eastern edge of the Dayton suburbs. We bought a house and planned to stay. I began to write a nature almanac for the local newspaper. To my weather and wildflower notes I added daily sunrise and sunset times, moonrise and moonset, average and record temperatures, comments on foliage changes, bird migration dates, farm and gardening cycles, and the rotation of the stars.

The more I learned around Yellow Springs, the more I found applicable to the world beyond the village limits. The microclimate in which I immersed myself gradually became a key to the extended environment; the part unlocked the whole. My Yellow Springs gnomon that measured the movement of the sun along the ecliptic also measured my relationship to every other place on earth.  My occasional trips turned into exercises in the measurement of variations in the landscape. When I drove 500 miles northwest, I not only entered a different space, but often a separate season, and I could mark the differences in degrees of flowers, insects, trees, and the development of the field crops. The most exciting trips were taken south in March; I could travel from early spring into middle spring and finally into late spring and summer along the Gulf Coast.

My engagement with the natural world, which began as an escape from academia, finally turned into a way of getting private bearings, and of finding a sense of values. It was a process of spiritual as well as physical reorientation.  The extremes of that process often puzzled me as well as my family and my newspaper readers. Why I felt compelled to go well beyond a barometric notebook and end up describing the average weather and the state of nature on each day of the Yellow Springs year I have not the slightest idea. My existential search for home must have required it of me, and so, in that sense, all the historical statements in this collection of notes are the fruit of a strong need to define, in maybe excessive detail, where I am and what happens around me.

Poor Will's Almanack is also available as a podcast.



8:35 am
Tue January 8, 2013

Poor Will's Almanack: January 8 - 14, 2013

Credit Flickr Creative Commons user hart_curt

Poor Will’s Almanack for the Second Week of Deep Winter.

Although winter may seem long and gray, its progress unravels the warmth of spring, and the year’s natural calendar contains markers which offer reassurance that the passage of Gregorian days will really and truly bring change.

Just a few days from now, on January 11, the sun rises earlier all along the 40th Parallel for the first time since the middle of June.

On January 26: Cardinals begin their spring mating songs before sunrise, and deep winter ends.

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8:35 am
Tue January 1, 2013

Poor Will's Almanack: January 1 - 7, 2013

Credit Flickr Creative Commons user Joana Roja

Poor Will’s Almanack for the First Week of Deep Winter.

I had been reading predictions about the end of the world (on the occasion of the alignment of this December’s solstice with the Galactic equator, a once-in-twenty-six-thousand-years event, foretold by the ancient Mayans). All that foolishness, along with the longest nights of the year, had somehow set me off balance, and I decided to go and see for myself what was happening in the real world of the woods.

I walked along the river, the water higher than it had been in months.

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8:35 am
Tue December 25, 2012

Poor Will's Almanack: December 25 - 31, 2012

Credit Flickr Creative Commons user Mary-Kay G

Poor Will's Almanack for the final week of Early Winter.

In a warm winter morning not long ago, in soft rain, the grass outside my door was lush and bright, the last Osage leaves golden above the shed. Along the west wall of the house, wild onions were getting lanky, motherwort was bushy, one Queen Anne’s lace plant have grown back two-feet tall.

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8:35 am
Tue December 18, 2012

Poor Will's Almanack: December 18 - 24, 2012

Credit Flickr Creative Commons user haglundc

Poor Will's Almanack for the third week of Early Winter.

In one of Aldo Leopold’s journals, that famous naturalist observed that the rate at which solar energy flows to and through living things not only affects the rate at which plants sprout, grow, flower, and die, but might also have some influence over human lives and the course of human events.

Seasonal affective disorder, a recently named malady that appears to be tied to a lack of sunlight, is one example of an event in human physiology that is tied to solar intensity.

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8:35 am
Tue December 11, 2012

Poor Will's Almanack: December 11 - 17, 2012

Credit Flickr Creative Commons user Dieter Thau

Poor Will's Almanack for the second week of Early Winter.

Two thousand years ago, the Roman naturalist, Pliny praised the cold northern winds as the "healthiest of all."

During the eighteenth century, physicians said the same thing. For example, William Currie wrote that "the winds which prevail during the greatest part of winter… though they are severe and piercing cold...give vigor to the constitution and a freshness and bloom to the complexion."

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