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4:48 pm
Mon September 2, 2013

Tlacoyos: A Mexican Grilled Snack That Tempted The Conquistadors

Originally published on Wed September 4, 2013 2:10 pm

For the last in a summer series of grilled food from around the world, we head to Mexico, where a small doughy treat is found everywhere from street corner grills to high-end restaurants. It's called a tlacoyo (pronounced tla-COY-yo) and although it may sound novel, it's an ancient food that's older than Hernan Cortes.

To taste the best tlacoyos, I was told I had to go to Xochimilco, the sprawling suburb in southern Mexico City. Juana Pina Gonzales has been selling them in the region for 25 years. She only uses blue corn masa — the dough used to make a tortilla — and stuffs the dough with all kinds of fillings, including smashed pinto or fava beans, a potato puree, mushrooms or a light cheese similar to ricotta.

Once filled, she shapes them into a small oval with pointed ends so they look like little footballs, grills them on a hot comal — a smooth round griddle — then wraps them in cloth towels before she puts them in big wicker baskets and heads to the market.

She says she usually sells all 40-50 dozen she's made in about four hours. While Pina's are still warm out of the basket, I really wanted one hot off the grill. So I headed to the market's open food court, where a roving guitarist serenaded customers sitting on rickety benches around a dozen small food stalls. Each is equipped with a large hot grill teaming with all types of Mexican antojitos, or snack food; quesadillas, tacos and of course, hot steamy tlacoyos.

Isabel Salazar Cabrera claims her tlacoyos are the best and original, because her mom was the first to ever sell tlacoyos in Xochimilo. She says they're the best because of the way she cooks the bean filling, but can't share the recipe since it's a family secret.

Once cooked, Salazar slides a hot fried tlacoyo on a plastic plate, and generously tops it with a big spoonful of grilled nopales (catcus slices), chopped onions, cilantro, crumbled fresh cheese and spicy green salsa.

She says tlacoyos have been the favorite food for generations. Her mom told her stories about making the tlacoyos for the farmers who worked the fields or Chinampas of Xochimilco, the floating gardens in the freshwater canals that made this southern stretch of the Mexico City valley so famous.

But Edmundo Escamilla Solis, a historian at the Culinary School of Mexico, says tlacoyos date back even further. He's seen the small corn masa treats mentioned in the writings of the conquistadors of Mexico in the 16th century.

He says Hernan Cortes and other Spanish chroniclers wrote about Mexico's indigenous outdoor markets and the stuffed corn masa breads sold in small food shacks. He says back in those days, tlacoyos were not only healthy — pre-Hispanic street vendors never used oil to grill them like now — they were also ideal to eat in a hurry or to take on long trips. He jokes that tlacoyos are the first fast food of the Americas.

While pre-conquest Mexicans may have eaten their tlacoyos in a hurry, chef Martha Ortiz prepares a more leisurely tlacoyo experience at her high-end restaurant in Mexico City's swanky Polanco district.

"We are going to make it beautiful with a small Mexican fish, sardina, and a beautiful Mexican salad," she says.

Topped with rich cheese and cilantro, Ortiz says she likes to dress up and surprise her clientele to the food of the streets.

"I love Mexican street food, I love Mexican food," she says. "For me, it's a passion; it's a way of living."

This post is part of Global Grill, a summer series from All Things Considered that pulls apart the smoky flavors of grilled foods from around the world.

Copyright 2013 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST:

From NPR News, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Robert Siegel. Labor Day is the perfect time to wrap up our summer series, The Global Grill. If you haven't finalized your cookout menu, here's an idea from central Mexico, a small doughy treat called a tlacoyo. It can be found at street corner grills and high-end restaurants alike. NPR's Carrie Kahn is going to tell us about the very long history of the tlacoyo.

CARRIE KAHN, BYLINE: If I wanted to try the best tlacoyo in Mexico, I was told to head to Xochimilco, the sprawling suburb in southern Mexico City.

JUANA PINA GONZALES: (Speaking foreign language)

KAHN: Juana Pina Gonzales has been selling tlacoyos here for 25 years. She starts cooking them at 4:00 in the morning. She uses only blue corn masa - that's the dough used to make a tortilla. And she stuffs it with all kinds of fillings, smashed pinto or fava beans, potato puree, mushrooms or, my favorite, a light cheese similar to ricotta stuffing.

She shapes the tlacoyo into a small oval with pointed ends. They look like little torpedoes. And then she fries them in light oil on a comal, a smooth round griddle, and then brings them to the market still warm in big wicker baskets.

GONZALES: (Speaking foreign language)

KAHN: She says it takes her about four hours to sell the 40 or 50 dozen she's made. While Pina's tlacoyos are warm, I really wanted one hot off the grill. So I headed to the market's open food court. A roving guitarist serenades customers sitting on rickety benches around a dozen small food stalls, each equipped with a large grill teaming with all types of Mexicanantojitos, or snack food. There's quesadillas, tacos and of course, hot steamy tlacoyos.

Isabel Salazar Cabrera says her tlacoyos are the best and, of course, the original.

ISABEL SALAZAR CABRERA: (Speaking foreign language)

KAHN: She says her mom was the first to ever sell tlacoyos in Xochimilo. They're the best because of the way she cooks the bean filling.

CABRERA: (Speaking foreign language)

KAHN: Although she says she can't share the recipe, it's a family secret. She slides a hot fried tlacoyo on a plastic plate and generously tops it with a big spoonful of grilled nopales, sliced cactus. She puts chopped onions, cilantro, crumbled fresh cheese and spicy green salsa all on top. Salazar says tlacoyos have been the favorite food here for generations.

CABRERA: (Speaking foreign language)

KAHN: Her mom told her stories about making the tlacoyos for the farmers who worked the fields or Chinampas of Xochimilco. Those are the floating gardens in the freshwater canals that have made this southern stretch of the Mexico City valley so famous. But Edmundo Escamilla Solis, a historian at the Culinary School of Mexico, says tlacoyos date back even farther. He's seen the small corn masa treats mentioned in the writings of the conquistadors of Mexico. We're talking 16th century.

EDMUNDO ESCAMILLA SOLIS: (Speaking foreign language)

KAHN: He says Hernan Cortes and other Spanish chroniclers wrote about Mexico's indigenous outdoor markets and the stuffed corn masa breads sold in small food shacks. He says back in those days, tlacoyos were not only healthy, pre-Hispanic street vendors never used oil to grill them like now, but he says they were also ideal to eat in a hurry or take on long trips.

SOLIS: (Speaking foreign language)

KAHN: Escamilla laughs. He says tlacoyos are the first fast food of the Americas. While pre-conquest Mexicans may have eaten their tlacoyos in a hurry, chef Martha Ortiz prepares a more leisurely tlacoyo experience at her high-end restaurant in Mexico City's swanky Polanco district.

MARTHA ORTIZ: We are going to make it beautiful because we're going to use a small Mexican fish, sardina, a fresh one, and we're going to make a beautiful salad.

KAHN: Topped with rich cheese and cilantro, Ortiz says she likes to dress up and surprise her clientele with the food of the streets.

ORTIZ: I love Mexican street food. I love Mexican food. For me, it's a passion; it's a way of living.

KAHN: The tlacoyo, a food that has endured centuries, lives on and is enjoyed on both fine china and plastic plates throughout Mexico. Carrie Kahn, NPR News, Mexico City. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.

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